102 www.gogreen-project.eu 7. Facilitation of the Role-playing Simulation Training Tips for Briefing The briefs for all participants of the role-playing should be unambiguous and totally in line with the objectives. You must use a clear introduction informing participants about the purpose of the game, the goals, and your own (and/or program-based) motives and situational definitions. At this stage, you provide first an informal introductory presentation and the background knowledge information on climate change that needs to be reviewed for the simulation, along with key themes and contextual details of the scenario. Be well-prepared by taking into account as many aspects of the theme as possible and focus on what is expected from trainees. You act as facilitator of the roleplaying, introducing the game play and the simulation model, before officially opening the role-playing action. It is worthwhile, before starting, to create a trusting and open atmosphere among participants (supported by suitable warm-up exercises and team-building exercises) and to explain the voluntary nature of participation as a challenge by choice. Adequate time has to be provided to the trainees to read the scenario case, get familiar with their roles and ask questions. It is important that everyone feels comfortable while forming the groups and before the role-playing action. Some may experience this kind of learning for the first time, thus, tips and/or examples are useful to be provided. Tips for actual Role-Play Take on the role of observer and interject only if and whenever necessary. Despite being present, you will have no active role in the play. Let the simulation flow with each new pledge added. Invest time to hear proposal speeches from each delegate and monitor the simulation scenario run. Try to remain silent, minimize your advocacy and let the role-play do its work. Set enough time and space for the delegates (groups) to negotiate. Allow them to be engaged in multiple rounds of negotiations, so as to achieve objectives and reach a breakthrough agreement or solution (ideally by consensus). You may allow participants to have the floor and advise their group delegate both before and during the roleplay, adding useful key-points in the discussion if and whenever necessary. Your task is to set up actors to learn through the role-play, stretch themselves personally and engage as much as possible. Usually, someone steps forward and finds that voice inside themselves to advocate for improvements. A degree of independent learning is expected, but trainees need to be guided during the activity. You have to facilitate, rather than lecture with too much detail. It is important to remind them of the rules, so that they stay in their roles and/or use appropriate communication skills. Tips for Debriefing When the negotiations have been concluded and the final decisions have been made by the actors, the debriefing discussion takes place. It is the most important stage of the simulation and it may take more time than the actual play (even twice as that). Because simulations provide the opportunity to give immediate feedback, coaching, support and developmental guidance, the proper debriefing of them is paramount to the transfer of learning. When doing so incorrectly or inconsistently can be damaging to the individual and impact the integrity of the simulation experience. Willingness to